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The US Supreme Court Looks More Closely at Vaccine Rules Affecting Over 80 million

The US Supreme Court Looks More Closely at Vaccine Rules Affecting Over 80 million
Source: The Guardian

The Supreme Court is hearing two significant Biden administration initiatives to boost the nation’s COVID-19 immunization rate at a time when coronavirus illnesses are on the rise due to the omicron strain.

The conservative-leaning court will hear arguments on Friday on whether the administration should be allowed to impose a vaccine-or-testing requirement for major employers and a separate vaccine mandate for most health-care employees. It was believed that the debates would last at least two hours.

Republican-led states and business groups have filed legal challenges to the rules, but the verdict before the Supreme Court will likely determine the fate of vaccination requirements that affect more than 80 million people.

Sean Marotta, a Washington lawyer whose clients include the American Hospital Association, said, “I think basically what is at issue is whether these rules will go into force at all.” The trade association is not a party to the Supreme Court litigation.

The challengers contend that the vaccination requirements go beyond the administration’s jurisdiction, while the administration’s senior Supreme Court lawyer, Solicitor General Elizabeth Prelogar, said that both are required to avert unnecessary hospitalizations and deaths.

Prelogar said that delaying the vaccination obligation for health-care workers “would almost certainly result in hundreds or thousands of fatalities and major illnesses from COVID-19 that could have been avoided.”

Nearly 207 million Americans, or 62.3 percent of the population, are completely vaccinated, and more than a third of the population, including the nine justices, has had a booster injection.

The vaccination mandates, according to Andy Slavitt, a former consultant to the Biden administration on COVID-19, are particularly successful for the 15% to 20% of Americans “who don’t like to get a shot, but will and don’t have any vehement opposition.”

For the first time, the Supreme Court will weigh in on administration vaccine policy, despite the fact that the justices have previously rejected requests to halt state-level mandates.

However, a conservative majority concerned about federal overreach ended the federal eviction ban imposed in the wake of the outbreak.

According to Marotta, three conservatives, Chief Justice John Roberts, Justices Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett, are likely to determine the decision.

They sided with the other judges on the right when it came to state regulations for health-care employees, but joined them when it came to resuming evictions.

Opponents claim that both vaccination restrictions would increase labor shortages and be costly to businesses. “A lot of people are going to leave.” “It will exacerbate an already difficult position, and they will not return,” Karen Harned, executive director of the National Federation of Independent Business’ Small Business Legal Center, said.

Her organization is one of many opposing an Occupational Safety and Health Administration emergency regulation requiring workers at companies with 100 or more employees to be vaccinated or tested regularly and to wear masks while at work. Those who labor alone or primarily outside are exempt from the regulation.

The OSHA regulation is set to go into effect on Monday, however the agency has stated that firms that do not comply by late February will not be fined.

The vaccination requirement, on the other hand, applies to nearly all health-care workers in the country. It affects 76,000 health care institutions as well as home health care providers who accept federal Medicare or Medicaid funds. There are medical and religious exceptions to the norm.

In roughly half of the states, federal appeals courts in New Orleans and St. Louis have halted the requirement. The administration has stated that it will take efforts to enforce it across the rest of the country.

Both issues have been brought before the court on an emergency basis, and the court has taken the uncommon step of scheduling arguments rather than just judging on the parties’ papers. Unlike in previous issues before the court, the justices’ judgment might come in weeks, if not days.

Due to the epidemic, the trials will be heard in a courtroom that is closed to the public. Only the justices, attorneys engaged in the cases, court personnel, and media will be in attendance. The public can, however, listen live, which is a shift from earlier in the epidemic, when the justices heard arguments over the phone for about 19 months.